José Pablo Moncayo


DATES

Born June 29, 1912 in Guadalajara, Mexico 
Died June 15, 1958 in Mexico City, Mexico


NATIONALITY

Mexican


STYLE/PERIOD

Modern 1920-Present


FAMOUS WORKS

Huapango, Tres Piezas ("Three Piano Pieces")


BIO 

José Pablo Moncayo was born in Guadalajara, Mexico and studied piano as a boy. He entered the Mexico City Conservatory where he continued his piano studies with Hernandez Moncayo and studied composition with Carlos Chavez. One of Moncayo's first professional jobs was as a percussionist with the Mexican State Symphony Orchestra. He later conducted the National Symphony Orchestra of Mexico City from 1949-1952. He was also invited to study with American composer Aaron Copland.

As a member of a set of people nicknamed the "Group of Four," Moncayo, along with three other composers, Galindo, Caontreras, and Ayalas, wrote music that reflected the nationalistic spirit of Mexico. Much of this music used melodies, rhythms, and harmonies drawn from the folk music of Mexico. In his famous piece, Huapango, Mancayo used music of the Mexican folk dances El siquisirii, El balaju, and El avilan.